Full Production Package (FPP) Clothing Manufacturing

Clothing manufacturing keeps the fashion world running. It ensures the mass production of garments for fashion brands and, consequently, customers. Full Production Package (FPP) is a technique in clothing manufacturing where the manufacturer provides a full package solution. This guide explains FPP production for both fashion brands and aspiring clothing manufacturers.

What Is FPP Manufacturing?

Full Production Package (FPP) manufacturing, also known as Fully Factored manufacturing, is a one-shop-stop solution. When you use FFP production, the manufacturer handles fabric procurement, pattern selection, sample production, and bulk production

The FPP manufacturer can also weigh in on your design process. However, your design team can handle the bulk of the design work and pass on the plans to the manufacturer for full garment production. 

FPP Clothing Manufacturing Process 

Design Stage

When you launch your fashion brand, you start at the design stage of the manufacturing process.

First, you need to digitize your drawings and create precise measurements to bring the clothes to life. These digital designs are called tech packs and can be challenging to navigate as a beginner. Fortunately, FPP manufacturers have design teams that can help you digitize your drawings for production.

Manufacturers also have networks with fabric suppliers and textile manufacturers. They can, therefore, suggest fabrics and patterns for different clothes, point out hacks, mistakes, and fashion trends worth pursuing. 

The advice can affect the function of your overall designs and clothes and improve overhead profits. But, of course, this means compromise on your end and less control over the design process. Fortunately, for brands new to clothing production, receiving support saves time and money. 

Technical Stage 

When you have no experience in cloth production, the technical specifications may seem daunting. Indeed, picturing the end product is easier than getting there. To manufacture your clothes, an FPP manufacturer needs several documents, including the Specification Sheet. 

This is a document that provides an overall description of the product. It includes items such as:

  • Product codes
  • Supplier details
  • Materials 
  • Estimated fabric sizes 
  • Trims
  • Cutting sizes
  • Buttons
  • Zippers
  • Placement details 
  • Costing details 

Does this mean that you cannot design your specification sheets? Yes, you can. However, as a small brand owner, you may be juggling several hats. Delegating tasks requiring specialized knowledge saves time and provides a learning opportunity. Also, manufacturers ensure that the specifications match their format for easier use.  

Fabric Sourcing 

Fabric sourcing is a critical process in garment production. FPP manufacturers have access to the best textile producers and suppliers. They can order fabrics on time, plan for a material running out of supply, negotiate prices, and also discover new patterns on your behalf. 

An FPP manufacturer can also advise you on the best fabrics and patterns in the market based on your product and budget. However, an FPP manufacturer may fail to fulfill your request in some cases because the fabric supply is low or your order does not meet the minimum order quantity (MOQ). 

In such cases, the manufacturer can advise you on alternative materials to prevent disruptions to the production process. One benefit of sourcing fabric through FPP is that the manufacturer is liable for mistakes and challenges in the sourcing process, allowing you to focus on your brand and clients. 

The Benefits of FPP Manufacturing 

Expert Advice and Support 

FFP manufacturers are familiar with the fashion industry, specifically clothing production. They are experts in clothing design, tech packs and specification sheets, fabric sourcing, and planning around timelines. 

Economies of Scale

As a client, you have the advantage of benefiting from economies of scale. FPP manufacturers work on a large scale, which reduces the cost of production per unit. As a result, fashion brands save money on production, especially on popular products such as denim pants. 


The FPP manufacturer handles technical specifications, fabric sourcing, stitching, and trimming. They also handle sample production before mass processing for garments, making it easier for you to focus on other business activities. 

Less Liability 

An FPP manufacturer handles the entire production process, from fabric sourcing to the final clothing production. As such, the manufacturer is liable for any mistakes and errors due to their action or inaction. Therefore, you can focus on your business while the manufacturer handles the production. 

Disadvantages of FPP Production 

  • FFP production generally requires high MOQ. As such, they may be unavailable for small brands with small orders. 
  • Factories have strict guidelines and systems that ensure order and consistency in production. Unfortunately, this also means that FPP factories are rigid, and fashion brands may find it difficult to request changes. 
  • The entire production process is under the FPP manufacturer, which means clients have less control over wastage and transparency. 

Which One Is The Better Option (FPP and CMT Clothing Production)

Besides FPP, brands can also use CMT clothing production. The choice depends on your brand needs. There are several factors to consider

Degree of Control 

Working with an FPP, you have to give up control, especially over the production process. However, if you want more control over clothing production, CMT manufacturing is a better option. 

What’s more, most CTM factories are locally located, making factory check-ins easier. On the other hand, most FPP manufacturers are overseas, which makes check-ins and direct control impossible.  


If you have a low MOQ, then mass production of clothes may not be for you. In such as case, you’re better off working with a CMT manufacturer with the right set of specialized skills to meet your customer needs. 

Production Size 

If you produce clothes in bulk, FPP is the best option because manufacturers have a high MOQ.  However, for small orders, a CMT manufacturer is better because they have a low MOQ. 

Knowledge and Experience 

If you are a beginner in clothing manufacturing and have limited knowledge of the fashion industry, it’s wise to use FPP manufacturing. The manufacturer handles the majority of the processes while you focus on your brand and learning. 

Cost Savings 

While an FFP manufacturer may seem expensive at first, they have the advantage of economies of scale. Therefore, it may cost you less to mass-produce your garments as long as they meet the MOQ. Also, there is a high cost of making mistakes if you’re unguided and new in clothing production. 

FPP for Mass Production 

Knowing your options can help you select the right manufacturing process. FPP production is suitable for brands seeking mass production and high MOQs. It’s also great for beginners seeking support and a total package solution for clothing production.

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